Home » Sometech » MAJOR COMPONENTS OF HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECTS

MAJOR COMPONENTS OF HYDRO ELECTRIC PROJECTS

Hydroelectric power plants capture the energy of falling water to generate electricity. A turbine converts the kinetic energy of falling water into mechanical energy. Then a generator converts the mechanical energy from the turbine into electrical energy. It is primarily the type & layout of the components, which leads uniqueness to each project. Three basic elements are necessary in order to generate power from water: a means of creating head, a conduit to convey water and a power plant.

  • River Diversion Structures
  • Dam
  • Spillway
  • Desilting Arrangements
  • Power Intake Structure
  • Headrace Tunnel/Channel
  • Surge Shaft
  • Penstock
  • Power house
  • Tailrace Tunnel/Channel
  • Hydro mechanical works such as Gates, Hydraulic hoists
  • Electromechanical works

Hydro Power Plant Component

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