Automation may be defined in various ways:
– Automation is a process in industry where various, production operations are converted from a manual process to an automated process.
– Automation can be defined as a technology concerned with the application of mechanical, electronic and computer based systems to operate and control production.
– Automation can generally be defined as the process of following a predetermined sequence of operations with little or no human labor, using specialized equipment and devices than perform and control manufacturing processes.
— Automation in its full sense, is achieved through the use of variety of devices, sensors, actuators techniques and equipments that are capable of observing the manufacturing processes, making decisions concerning the changes that need to be made in the operation and controlling all aspects of it.